2D Tips

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes

BricsCAD has the ability to work with 3D solids, surfaces, and meshes, but which is best?


Modeling in surfaces is a bit like making a paper model: it's hollow and has no structural integrity, but it is easy to get started. They're often used for things that require complex shapes such as automotive design.

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- section surfaces-1024x668

Section view of a surface model. There is no data for the internal mass of the object.


  • Easier to manipulate Grips make surfaces easy to manipulate.
  • Simple to create Only think about one face at a time, no need to worry about thickness.
  • Easier to create curves Tools like LOFT make it really easy to create curved surfaces.


  • Holes and gaps Models made with surfaces often have tiny holes and gaps where two faces haven't quite met up. When printing or rendering, this can mean that the model gets turned inside out!
  • Lack of data Technically the model is hollow. This means that calculations such as mass and volume properties (BMMASSPROP) can not be performed.

How to use surfaces in BricsCAD

In this example we will create a triangulated tube (as illustrated above).

  1. Mark out your linework.
  2. LOFT between two lines to create a surface.
  3. Repeat.
  4. ARRAY, COPY, ROTATE, and COPY again to finish your tube.
  5. Use REGION to cap the tube.
  6. Repeat for the other end.

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- surfaces instructions-768x1120

Convert a surface model into a solid

To convert surfaces into a solid, use the DMSTITCH command. (The model needs to be watertight for this to work. You will have to explode any arrays).

You can also use the DMTHICKEN tool.

3D Solids

Modeling in 3D solids "solids" means modeling in 3D from the start. If surfaces are like working with paper, solids are more like working with clay. If you're coming from a background in surface modeling, it might feel counterintuitive to work in solids, but I can assure you it's both easy and quick to learn and yes, you can still model curved surfaces!

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- solids section-1024x640

Section view of a solid.


  • Watertight Working in solids means that there is no need to run extra software to check for gaps and holes or flip faces so that objects are rendered correctly.
  • Extra data analysis It's possible to calculate properties; center of gravity, structural integrity, etc.


  • It can take longer Modeling with solids can sometimes take more steps to reach the same result.
  • May take time to learn It's a different way of problem-solving. However, once you get the hang of it, working in solids can be quite intuitive.

How to use solids in BricsCAD

To create the same object as above:

  1. Create your linework.
  2. Extrude the triangle.
  3. Rotate the face with the Manipulator tool.
  4. EXTRUDE the boundary.
  5. Use MIRROR and ARRAY to complete the shape.
  6. Finally, execute UNION to join the solids.

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- solid instructions-786x1024

Unlike the surface model, I can now edit this solid with the Direct Modeling (DM) tools, such as DMFILLET and DMPUSHPULL.

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- fillet

In this example, I have used the fillet command to curve the edges and soften the shape.

I can even hollow out the solid into a tube using the SOLIDEDIT -- Body -Shell command. However, this is still a true 3D solid, not just surfaces. The sides have a thickness and I could manufacture this object with the correct material.

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- shell-1024x576

Here I have used the SHELL option to convert the solid into a tube. This object still has a thickness.

Convert a solid into surfaces.

Use EXPLODE to convert a solid into a set of surfaces.


3D meshes usually come from non-CAD sources and while they're arguably the most flexible to edit they are least representative of the real world. A polyface mesh is made up of lots and lots of triangles or polygons. They're typically created as a result of 3D laser scanners. Similar techniques are used to represent elements such as terrain TIN surfaces.

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- polymeshcontrol-points-1024x369

Left: A sphere as a solid in BricsCAD. Right: The same object converted to a mesh. the green dots indicate control points

How to use Meshes in BricsCAD

Convert a solid into a polyface mesh using 3DCONVERT.

If we go back to our earlier model it means I can now do things like this:

Tuesday Tips - Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes- polymesh tube-1024x575

Solid has been converted into a mesh and can now be manipulated by points.

Convert a polyface mesh into a surface or solid

  1. First EXPLODE into a number of 3D faces.
  2. Then use REGION to convert the 3D face into regions.
  3. Finally, use DMSTITCH to convert the regions into a 3D solid.

Try Solids, Surfaces, and Meshes in BricsCAD

Easy to try, easy to buy, easy to own. That's BricsCAD®. Try all of our products, for free for 30 days at www.bricsys.com. Freedom of choice, plus perpetual (permanent) product licenses that work with all languages, in all places. You'll love what we've built for you with the BricsCAD® product family.

Note: The example instructions are not the only method that could be used to create the shape, they simply serve as an example to demonstrate the different options available.

More Tuesday Tips:

Follow us on social media


This is Bricsys

Bricsys, part of Hexagon, is the global technology company that creates the BricsCAD® family of computer aided design products and the Bricsys 24/7 project collaboration platform.

© 2022 Bricsys NV. All rights reserved. 
Part of hexagon