3D ModellingBIM

2D, 3D, BIM - 10: The House P3 - Windows and Doors

By Rose Barfield 6 min June 13, 2019
2D, 3D, BIM - 10: The House P3 - Windows and Doors

Last week, we looked at how to construct some simple rooves. This week I'm going to show you how to create your own door and window CAD block components: libary parts and instantly generated curtain walls. There are still many, many more ways of working in BricsCAD, but this should give you a good starting point.

This week you will need BricsCAD BIM to access our huge library of free components. Don't worry, if you don't have BricsCAD BIM. You can still create components with our free 3D modeling software: BricsCAD Shape.

New commands covered:

  1. BIMINSERT
  2. BIMWINDOWCREATE
  3. BIMCURTAINWALL
  4. BIMFLIP
  5. BIM Components

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Getting Started

Windows

I created my own windows and inserted and edited windows from the standard parts library. I then converted some complete walls into windows using the CurtainWall tool.

Floor 0 is going to be a shop, so, for now, I have left the layout empty. We will return to this part later in the series.

To do this:

  1. Hide all but Floor 0. Use the 'bim' Structure browser.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 1 hide-1
  2. Draw a design with some Polylines.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 2 polylines
  3. Extrude two doorways.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 3 extrude
  4. Select the boundaries and use BIMWINDOWCREATE to convert the boundaries to windows automatically.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - 4 bimwindowcreate-e1558682614587
  5. Reveal the second floor. Use the Structure Browser.
  6. Use BIMCURTAINWALL to convert 2 of the walls on the smallest balcony into windows. For the shorter wall: U Panels: 1 V Panels: 2. For the longer wall: U Panels: 1 V Panels: 3.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - 9 curtainwall
  7. Insert a window from the components library (Components panel). Click the icon you want and then move your cursor to the insertion point. Click the cursor again to set the placement. In this example I am using 'Window 1×1′. Height: 2.2 Width: 0.85.
    Note: When DYN (Dynamic Dimensions) is turned 'on' boxes appear which allow you to position the window precisely. Hit Ctrl to change the dimension of the component.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - 10 windowinsert
  8. Now create your own window. Draw a rectangle on the surface.
  9. Select the border and use BIMWINDOWCREATE. This time select '2 panels vertical'.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 11 BIMwindowcreate
  10. Repeat the steps to create a window on the back.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 12 repeat
  11. Repeat to cover half the wall on the small balcony.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 25 halfwindow
  12. UNISOLATEOBJECTS.
  13. Draw a circle on the top of the apex.
  14. Convert to a window using BIMWINDOWCREATE. Yes BIMWINDOWCREATE even works on curved polygons!2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- roundwindow
  15. Repeat the steps above to add the rest of the windows to the building. Use hover over a component and use BIMINSERT to insert a copy.
    Note: You can use duplicate windows you've created yourself!2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 13 biminsert
  16. You should now have something that looks like this:2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- window final

Doors

I used the same techniques to add the doors to the building and use the Properties panel to change the parameters.

To do this:

  1. Hide all but the bottom floor. Use the Structure Browser.
  2. Insert a door from the components library (Components panel). In this example, I am using 'Door Single Swing'.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 16 insertdoor
  3. Use BIMINSERT to repeat the door.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 17 biminsert
  4. Finish the floor by rotating the doors to the correct orientation using BIMFLIP.2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 18 bimflip
  5. Reveal the next floor.
  6. Insert a door on the small balcony. Hit Ctrl to change the size of the door to fill the rest of the wall.
  7. Use the Properties panel to change the frame of the door to match the windows.
    Note: The Components are parametric. This means you can change the dimensions at any time, without starting from scratch, even if you created a window yourself!
    2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- 27 parameter
  8. Repeat these steps on all rest of the building until you are happy with the layout.
    Note: Once a component has been placed you can reposition it. BricsCAD intelligently recalculates the gap to match the new insertion point, it also automatically fills in the gap that was created at the old insertion point. (Check the 'BIM_SUBTRACT' layer to see how this works.)

2D, 3D, BIM - 10 The House P3 - Windows and Doors- groupfinal-e1558601579714

Next Time

Join me next time when I show you how to add and create your own components.

Don't have BricsCAD yet?

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Keep Reading

  1. Moving from 2D to 3D CAD
  2. 3D Drawing from engineering plans
  3. Drawing everything but the kitchen sink
  4. More Advanced Modeling
  5. The Shower
  6. The Sink
  7. The Toilet
  8. Walls and Floors
  9. The Roof
  10. Windows and Doors
  11. Create your own components
  12. Rubber Duck
  13. Laser-cut puzzle project

Note: This series is intended as a guide to demonstrate how to use different aspects of 3D modeling tools. It may not always demonstrate the fastest way of getting the result. Keep coming back to see if we cover a faster technique at a later date.

Rose Barfield

by Rose Barfield - CAD User Experience & Interface Design Specialist

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Rose is responsible for taking user feedback and improving the BricsCAD product. Before coming to BricsCAD, she was a CAD user and worked in the Automotive, Aerospace, and Defense industries as a Technical Illustrator. She loves finding out how things work, taking them apart, and (hopefully) putting them back together again.

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